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Do you know how a finance lease works?

July 30th, 2018

Here is a very simple way to understand how finance lease works.

What is a “Finance Lease”?
A business finance lease is a form of funding whereby a lease company buys a vehicle and
rents it back to a client over an agreed schedule of rentals sometimes including a residual
value rental*.The risks and rewards of ownership are held with the client and they must
maintain and insure the vehicle appropriately.

To benefit from the tax advantages of leasing you do not own the vehicle during the contract. At the end of the minimum
period of hire, you cannot take direct ownership of the vehicle. If you wish to own the vehicle you must sell the
vehicle to an unrelated third party, This is a paperwork exercise to comply with the
finance lease agreement’s terms and conditions. Be aware finance companies will always say you
cannot take direct ownership of the vehicle.

Final rentals*:
Final rentals are the client’s responsibility, and the value of the vehicle may be worth less than your final
rental. Values are dependent on common-sense factors, such as vehicle mileage, condition
and market forces.

All rentals are subject to VAT and are 100% offset against revenue for business use.i.e. if the company made a profit of £20,000 in a year
and the rentals added up to £3,600 (12 *£300) the company would pay tax on only the £16,400 (e.g. 20%).
The asset and liability will appear on your balance sheet.

End of Lease Options
VAT is spread, meaning that instead of it being paid up front (like with Hire Purchase),
VAT is attributed to each rental (currently at 20%).

End of Lease Options
1. Do Nothing and keep using the vehicle: the final rental (balloon) will come out of your bank account by Direct Debit and you will then enter the
‘secondary term’/’secondary rental period’, you’ll then pay an ‘annual rental’/’peppercorn’ of a few hundred pounds a year.

2. Keep the vehicle (and avoid the secondary rental period): To avoid the ‘secondary rental period’ you’ll need to end the lease. We will help you
with this, you’ll need to sell the vehicle to an unrelated third party (which can be us) and send a small percentage of the invoice value (ranges
from 2% to 5% depending on the finance company) along with the invoice to the finance company. To keep the vehicle the third party (which can be
us) can simply invoice you back for the vehicle.

3. Part Exchange for a new vehicle: You can part exchange the vehicle with us for a new model, you’ll benefit from any equity in the vehicle which
you can put towards the deposit on your new vehicle.

4. Sell the vehicle: You can advertise the vehicle privately and sell on behalf of the leasing company. You’ll need to settle the final rental and send
the leasing company a small percentage of the sales invoice value (ranges from 2% to 5% depending on the finance company).

5. Refinance the final rental (balloon): We can provide a quotation to refinance the balloon over a further agreed period (subject to credit approval).

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